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Бюллетени и Вестники - Библиотека аль-Фараби | Казахский национальный университет имени аль-Фараби

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Distribution (number and percentage) of resident population by recent migration status, area of ​​residence and gender. It can be said that Kazakhstan's anti-terrorism legislation is the most advanced among all Central Asian countries. The situation in Tajikistan can be described as one of the most difficult in the post-Soviet space in terms of radicalization and the fight against terrorism.

Secondly, the level of criminalization is increasing significantly in the process of political struggle in the countries of the region. Geopolitical trends are determining factors in the development of the trend of radicalism and terrorism in the space of Central Asia. This paper describes the significance of the agreements for US Middle East diplomacy and challenges the new President's path.

The final practical essence of the study is devoted to US sanctions policy for Iran's place in the region in general. The Democrats at the helm of the United States are pursuing policies to extend this time. Put a weight; The return of the Islamic Republic to all its nuclear obligations (MAHSA ROUHI, 2021).

Strategic Council for Foreign Relations, Solving and reducing the importance of the Middle East for Washington.

Table 1 – Immigration and Emigration provided services and cost per service
Table 1 – Immigration and Emigration provided services and cost per service

АЙМАҚТЫҚ ҚАТЫНАСТАР МЕН АЙМАҚТЫҚ ҰЙЫМДАРДЫҢ

ӨЗЕКТІ МӘСЕЛЕЛЕРІ

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF REGIONAL RELATIONS AND

REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

АКТУАЛЬНЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ

РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫХ ОТНОШЕНИЙ И РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫХ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЙ

Analyser régionalement «la nouvelle Asie»

Placer la nouvelle Asie dans les cadres conceptuels et contextuels existants permet d’analyser l’Asie, mais surtout de réfléchir à l’après-guerre froide et à la concurrence interrégionale. Ces reconfigurations évoquées évoquent les rééquilibrages qui les constituent (A) et les extensions de sécurité qui les supportent (B). A) Rééquilibrage stratégique d’après-guerre.

Rééquilibrages stratégiques d’après- guerre

Glissement régional et construction politique: l’élargissement sécuritaire

  • Caractériser conceptuellement «la nouvelle Asie»

Cinq" en "OCS Six" prolonge ce succès tout en assouplissant l'exigence de contiguïté à la Chine. Cependant, la Charte de l'OCS (2002), qui stigmatise trois fléaux (le terrorisme international, le séparatisme territorial, l'extrémisme politique), ordonne à ses membres de privilégier la coopération avec d’autres États membres (Bayasakh 2016 : 269). Ce principe de « proximité » au-delà du fait de bon voisinage fait pencher le pays vers l’Asie après les sanctions occidentales (crise d’Andijan 2005).

En 2008, l'OCS a créé des « partenaires de dialogue » : la Biélorussie et le Sri Lanka (île voisine de l'Inde). Douchanbé) bloque l'admission des membres, mais fixe les critères d'éligibilité des futurs membres en 2010 (Tachkent), affinés en 2014 (Douchanbé). L'OCS s'est développée rapidement en 2012, du fait de la volonté d'affirmer la nouvelle Asie, du retrait des Occidentaux d'Afghanistan (elle l'a proposé en 2005, les pays occidentaux pour 2014, la France à partir de 2011), et du changement de position de l'Inde : importer de l'énergie en pays via le Pakistan. En termes de partenaires, le Caucase est affilié à l'OCS, l'Azerbaïdjan et l'Arménie confirmant leur penchant vers l'Est à peine trois ans après la Turquie, et la capacité de l'OCS (Chine !) à « engager » les anciennes composantes du bloc soviétique.

Puis le Népal continental, longtemps candidat à ce statut, de l'isolement des pays himalayens (avec le Bhoutan), est devenu partenaire de la Chine et de l'Inde. Le Cambodge, excentrique et non voisin, est marqué par deux symboles : le nouveau membre de l'ASEAN (1999) dans la rivalité OCS-ASEAN ; La reconfiguration de l’Asie réside dans la capacité des nouveaux voisins après 1991 à transformer leurs tensions potentielles en rivalités constructives.

L'OCS Asie est un système sous-régional qui comble le vide laissé par i/ l'effondrement de l'URSS, ii/ le besoin de la Chine de dépasser son succès économique depuis les années 1980 et 1990, iii/ l'obligation d'en finir pour faire face à l'isolement (Iran , voire le Turkménistan), iv/ construire la stabilité en Afghanistan, v/ offrir une porte de sortie non européenne vers la Turquie, vi/ initier l'adhésion au Caucase (via l'Iran) et, vii/. La nouvelle Asie regroupe les États selon la double caractéristique de l’après-guerre : i/ maintien des États et de leurs rivalités, mais ii/ insertion de ces rivalités dans un cadre interrégional, et non plus vaguement international ou étroitement souverainiste. Selon cette « paramilitarisation », la dimension militaire et défensive peut difficilement être qualifiée de régionale (les alliances militaires s'étendent au-delà de l'espace régional) ; la dimension régionale, constructive, est peu militaire (les constructions régionales ont une vocation plus large). ii) Ce phénomène d’après-guerre de coopération multirégionale procède d’une rupture intégratrice dans l’histoire : la paix comme nouveau mode d’interaction entre voisins, une mise en commun ouverte des intérêts entre secteurs et dans le temps.

Un axe intégrateur entre au moins deux voisins qui dépasse leur antagonisme antérieur, un outil d’unité régionale. Ces « super-régionalisateurs » veulent convaincre d'autres acteurs de leur intérêt pour une régionalisation commune. La multirégionalisation d'après-guerre ajoute aux paradoxes du pouvoir dans les « ambiguïtés de la souveraineté ».

Construction de l’interdépendance juxta- souveraine: l’approfondissement

The image of the country and its perception in the world is one of the most important directions in the politics of modern states. In this article, we will consider issues related to the perception of the image of Russia in the post-bipolar period. The modern image of the country is based on the foundation that the Soviet Union formed.

In general, it can be argued that relations between states also depend on the perception of the image of a neighbor. In the study of the country's image, we relied on the methodological developments of the school of political realism. The image of the country, its perception, is one of the most important trends in modern political science.

The perception of Russia's image by the international community has steadily deteriorated in recent decades. However, currently, after the situation in Ukraine, the entry of Crimea into Russia, the perception of Russia's image has deteriorated significantly. According to the results of the survey, it was found that after the events in Ukraine, Russia's image fell significantly in the eyes of the international public.

The Russian Embassy in the Czech Republic expressed outrage at the dismantling of the monument. To build a stable positive image abroad, it is important to get support from the citizens. One of the main problems with the image of Russia is that the inhabitants of the country themselves often become victims of anti-Russian propaganda.

Summarizing the results of the survey, it is worth noting that based on the collected data we selected only some areas/situations related to the image of Russia in the modern world. The problem of the past of the Soviet Union is the cornerstone of the perception of the image of Russia. Ultimately, the disputes around the issue of the anti-Russian company regarding the Sputnik V vaccine flared up.

Table 1 – Tableau des «affiliés» à l’OCS, selon la date d’accession à leur statut dans l’organisation
Table 1 – Tableau des «affiliés» à l’OCS, selon la date d’accession à leur statut dans l’organisation

ДИПЛОМАТИЯНЫҢ, ГЕОСАЯСАТТЫҢ ЖӘНЕ ХАЛЫҚАРАЛЫҚ ҚҰҚЫҚТЫҢ

CURRENT ISSUES OF DIPLOMACY, GEOPOLITICS AND

NTERNATIONAL LAW

ДИПЛОМАТИИ, ГЕОПОЛИТИКИ И МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО ПРАВА

In the history of the development of theories about international relations, the theory of political realism was the first. The protection of national interest is one of the main directions to ensure state security. Digital Diplomacy in the time of the coronavirus pandemic” the researcher expresses the opinion that the pandemic has forced the whole world to switch online.

Trushin's "Modern Information Wars" made an important contribution to the consideration of the theory of "digital diplomacy" in context. Analysis of the activities of the use of digital technologies in France and China in the development of their national brand;. Application of the digital diplomacy method in the Republic of Kazakhstan in the context of "soft power".

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2021) Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan. Social institutions and relationships that contribute, so to speak, to the so-called realization of the interests of individuals and collectives. Therefore, it is necessary to see certain lines of interaction for the phenomena we are considering.

Finally, whatever is the greatest civil society will be the greatest: the democracy of the state. At the same time, it is not sufficient to limit oneself to internal control of the administration or external. First, the implementation of the principles of freedom of international trade leads to freedom of competition.

Instead, the state must strictly control the social level and welfare level of the society. The most important issue for the well-being of Kazakhstan is the integrity of the demographic problem. Serious adaptations in the political sphere are necessary to reflect the social and active principles of the State of Kazakhstan.

In the center of the process, so to speak, an independent individual, according to J. On the question of the formation of civil society in Russia // Democracy and human rights.

Figure 1 – Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2021)
Figure 1 – Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan (2021)

Сурет

Table 1 – Immigration and Emigration provided services and cost per service
Table 3. Distribution (number and percentage) of the resident population by recent migration  status, area of residence and sex
Table 2 – Distribution (Number and percentage) of the resident population by migration status, sex and area of residence Area of Residence Number of migrants Number of
Table 3. Distribution (number and percentage) of the resident population by recent migration  status, area of residence and sex
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Ақпарат көздері

СӘЙКЕС КЕЛЕТІН ҚҰЖАТТАР

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Kadirbayeva1,3 , A.N Nessipbayeva2 1Institute of Mathematics and Mathematical Modeling, Kazakhstan, Almaty 2Kazakh National Women’s Teacher Training University, Kazakhstan, Almaty

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The results demonstrated that the production levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-10 in 3D-spheroid MSCs were low and the level of IL-6 was high compared with 2D MSCs Figure 4..

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